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Chuck Beatty is right: L. Ron Hubbard lofted culty cosmic ideas a decade before ‘Dianetics’


[Chuck Beatty]

We have finally done something that former Church of Scientology member Chuck Beatty has been asking us, or really anyone, to do for the longest time. Yes, Chuck, we have finally read L. Ron Hubbard’s 1940 short story, “One Was Stubborn.”

Beatty is a former Sea Org member who spent one of the longest stints ever in the Sea Org’s prison program, the Rehabilitation Project Force. Scientology claims that the RPF is a voluntary program, sort of like a contemplative resort for its workers who need some time for themselves. Every former Sea Org worker we’ve talked to who went through the RPF described it as a brutal form of imprisonment, sort of like solitary confinement in plain sight. RPFers wear black boiler suits and run from place to place, performing jobs of manual labor while not being allowed to speak to anyone. They eat table scraps, and they have even less contact with the outside world than regular Sea Org workers. Originally, when Scientology founder L. Ron Hubbard designed the RPF, it could take months for an inmate to work him or herself out of it. But later it took much longer to get through the RPF. Beatty spent seven years being punished, from 1996 to 2003, and much of that time at a special desert camp in Southern California called “Happy Valley.” Chuck once described to us how odd it felt to be confined to Happy Valley and completely cut off from the world on the night of December 31, 1999, knowing that the outside world was celebrating.

On our book tour last year, we met someone who said he’d been on the RPF even longer — 11 or 12 years, he told us. We’d like to talk to that fellow again. Anyway, Chuck managed to survive the RPF and the Sea Org, and then he became one of the most active critics of Scientology. He comments a lot here at the Bunker, and time and again he has reminded us about a particular short story that L. Ron Hubbard wrote in 1940, a full decade before he foisted Dianetics on the world.

OK, so we finally decided to do something about it, if for no other reason than to throw Chuck a bone. Anyone who survived seven years in the RPF deserves some consideration.

Well, we looked around to see if “One Was Stubborn” was already online, but we didn’t see it there. We kept running into descriptions of a live performance of the story that had been put out as a DVD by the Galaxy Press troupe of actors who dramatize Hubbard’s stories for retirees and schoolkids. We weren’t interested in that. We wanted the unadulterated source material, not an interpretation from a poorly disguised Scientology front group.

So we continued to search around and then found that a copy of the November 1940 issue of Astounding Science-Fiction was available for a decent price on eBay. Before long, it was in our mailbox…


By November 1940, Astounding was more than two years into its run under the stewardship of legendary editor John W. Campbell. The publication had started out in 1930 with the name Astounding Stories of Super-Science, but Campbell changed the name after he took over full control in 1938. Isaac Asimov credits Campbell with guiding his career and those of many others, and said that Campbell dominated the entire field of science fiction in the first ten years of his editorship. (Campbell died in 1971, while the publication he ran still exists today, as Analog Science Fiction and Fact).

Campbell’s own writing had been in the genre of space opera. As an editor, he pushed writers to dive into “far-out ideas,” Asimov said, including pseudoscientific speculation about the human mind.

In 1940, Lafayette Ronald Hubbard was 29 and already an established pulp writer who toiled in many different genres and under many different names. In 1972, Hubbard’s son, L. Ron Hubbard Jr., wrote this about his father in an unpublished manuscript with journalist Paulette Cooper, portions of which we made public for the first time last year in our book, The Unbreakable Miss Lovely: “He wrote pulp adventure for men’s magazines on the level of the Arabian-Prince-who-saves-the-kingdom and later Dad often wrote that Scientology would save the world. He also wrote westerns, science fiction (he was best-known for this), screen plays, and confession magazine stories as if he were a woman. He was capable of writing in so many styles that he told me on two occasions he wrote every story in one magazine as if he were a different author. He wrote no outlines in advance, made no preparations, and he could write a novelette in one night with no rewrites. It helped that he typed 97 words a minute which was amazing since he only used 4 fingers.”

For the November 1940 Astounding, Hubbard had written a story under the pen name “René La Fayette” in an issue that also featured such familiar names as A.E. van Vogt, L. Sprague de Camp, and Clifford Simak.


“One Was Stubborn” is written as if a manuscript has been found by the author, La Fayette, who identifies himself as a psychiatrist. In his “author’s note,” La Fayette explains that the ensuing story is an account he found in a manuscript written by one of his patients, a man so intractable he has earned the nickname “Old Shellback.”

La Fayette explains that Old Shellback claims to be from the future, and he’s in a panicked state because, he says, he hasn’t come far enough back into the past.

“Tomorrow, my birthday, I shall be a negative five hundred and eighty-nine. I have less than thirty years of life expectancy remaining to me and so I shall not live to be more than a negative five hundred and sixty years.”

This certainly did interest us, and we couldn’t help flashing back to Vincent D’Onofrio trying to convince Marisa Tomei that he was actually from the future in the excellent small 2000 film, Happy Accidents.

Old Shellback hints that his problems are being caused by a man named George Smiley (and we’ll assume it’s just an accident that John le Carré will later use the same name for the protagonist of his well known espionage novels). This Smiley is responsible for upending the entire universe because he is, Old Shellback says, the “one god.”

By the end of the author’s note contained on the story’s first page, we were well intrigued and were looking forward to learning the fate of Old Shellback. We will admit, we’re suckers for this kind of literary device, with a narrator telling us that there’s been a discovery of a manuscript or newspaper article that casts doubt about the very nature of reality. Earlier in 1940, the Argentinean writer Jorge Luis Borges had published a masterpiece of the genre, the short story “Tlön, Uqbar, Orbis Tertius,” in which the discovery of an odd encyclopedia article begins an investigation that uncovers a massive conspiracy to recreate the world.

“One Was Stubborn” is not in that class. Hubbard’s piece is more of a shaggy dog story, with the stubborn Old Shellback discovering — in the far space-faring future, before he has come back in time — that the strange things he’s been seeing are not a symptom of eye trouble, but that solid objects in the world around him really are disappearing. That’s happening because a cult leader, a “messiah” — the aforementioned George Smiley — has convinced everyone in the universe that if they just stopped believing in physical reality, it will all vanish. And so they do.

Only Old Shellback, because he’s so stubborn, is left behind as everyone else follows Smiley into nonexistence.

“The Messiah from Arcturus’ Arcton is teaching the nonexistence of matter. You see, by that he means that all matter is an idea. And it is high time that the world was relieved from the crushing load of materialism which has almost quenched the soul of man,” Old Shellback’s optometrist tells him before he too presumably decides to vanish and become part of “a compound idea.”

Old Shellback is shocked that his doctor seeks nonexistence.

“I know that all this material world and this body I drag around are useless sources of annoyance,” the optometrist responds.

Our readers, who tend to be very familiar with the underlying and esoteric concepts of Scientology, are probably raising their eyebrows to new heights at about this point.


[Hubbard, in 1940]

Yes, if you know Scientology, you’ll find a lot of interesting things about “One Was Stubborn” — not the least of which is the date when it appeared, more than five years before L. Ron Hubbard got up to his Crowleyian sex magick rituals with Jack Parsons in Pasadena, and nearly a full decade before he presented his theory of the human mind in his 1950 bestseller, Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health. In this story you’ll find…

— The physical universe existing at the whim of powerful minds.

— The followers of a messiah figure winking off into nonexistence to “return to our proper position as a compound idea.”

— The last hold-out, the most stubborn man in the universe, trying to fight back against nonexistence by willing earth and sun to appear with the power of his mind.

It really isn’t very far from these science fiction tropes to the basic concepts undergirding Scientology and its origin story for the physical universe. That life is a “static,” with “no mass, no motion, no wavelength, no location in space or in time. It has the ability to postulate and to perceive.” And that the universe came into being when powerful thetans — immortal soul-beings — got bored and willed the cosmos into existence and then were trapped in it.

Old Shellback finds himself trapped in the universe of George Smiley, who turns out to have some things in common with a certain sulfurous underworld mythic character. Sartre told us that hell was other people; Old Shellback learns that hell is a world created by the mind of George Smiley, who says he has ideas for a “lower, hotter half” he got “out of an old book.”

(Yes, we know all about that book. Its ideas were implanted in our minds 75 million years ago as a result of a 76-planet genocide carried out by a galactic overlord. Or, at least that’s what high-level Scientologists learn after paying enough money to reach something called “Operating Thetan Level Three.”)

In 1940, Hubbard has Old Shellback, who has come from 500 years in the future, make numerous references to a book, “Tribbon’s Rise and Fall of the American Empire,” which explains our country’s demise, apparently at the hands of — get this — unscrupulous cult leaders who take advantage of “willing dupes for religious experimentation.” But Smiley has outdone them all. Why? Well, in the future, “the perfection of communication … made it possible for George Smiley to reach everyone everywhere. And the freedom which the Machine Magistration gave all religious exponents accounted for George Smiley’s not being stopped.”

In other words, Smiley used advancements in communication technology to become a Messiah with tax exempt status, and then there was no stopping him.

It’s almost as if, ten years before anyone else saw it coming, L. Ron Hubbard has a pretty good idea for how to sway a lot of people and get them to drop out of their existences in the physical world — by telling them they’ll be able to regain the power they had trillions of years ago when they were the creators of universes. And along the way, you make sure you get protection from the “Machine Magistration” for your religious cloaking.

Seriously, this is spooky.

In the movie Going Clear, author Lawrence Wright says that Hubbard had obviously incorporated the ideas from his fiction in Scientology. And in 2014, we brought you news of scholar Susan Raine’s excellent investigation of the parallels between Hubbard’s space opera tales and concepts in Scientology.

But Raine doesn’t mention “One Was Stubborn” in that piece. And maybe because it’s not a tale of space opera predicting outlandish ideas like Marcabian invader forces or between-lives implanting stations on Mars or Venus. This is more eerily on the money: “One Was Stubborn” literally predicts a cultish Messiah figure taking over the universe by convincing people they can make physical reality vanish with the power of their minds.

This is “cause over life, thought, matter, energy, space and time” — and 27 years before Hubbard dreams up OT VIII. We get chills thinking about it.

As a story, however, this stuff pretty much blows. What anticipation we’d built up after the author’s note on the first page had pretty well dissipated by the end of this 14-page slog. Old Shellback is a cranky old bore, and smug George Smiley can go to the hell he has decided to create out of his cerebral cortex.

But if “One Was Stubborn” is not very good as science fiction, as a piece of the Scientology puzzle it has us feeling a little like Howard Carter here. And we have Chuck Beatty to thank for it.

We’d really like to get your thoughts on this story. What surprises you most about it, given what Hubbard would develop for Scientology later on?

Ten years after this short story appeared, in the May 1950 issue of Astounding, Hubbard’s “Dianetics” would make its first public appearance in the pages of John W. Campbell’s magazine, followed a few weeks later by the book version itself.

We expect that none of the magazine’s readers at the time made any connection between Hubbard’s “modern science” of the mind and a shaggy dog story printed a decade earlier under the name René La Fayette. But with hindsight, it looks like that’s a connection we need to pay closer attention to.

UPDATE: A knowledgeable reader of Astounding pointed out to us that each month, Campbell asked readers to vote on which story they found best in the magazine. A couple of issues later, he would print the results. In this case, it turned out that “One Was Stubborn” was not very popular with readers, and came in fourth out of five stories that issue…


1. Slan (A. E. van Vogt), 1.24 points
2. Salvage (Vic Phillips), 2.45
3. The Exalted (L. Sprague de Camp), 2.78
4. One Was Stubborn (Rene La Fayette), 3.33
5. Sunspot Purge (Clifford D. Simak), 4.5


3D-UnbreakablePosted by Tony Ortega on February 15, 2016 at 07:00

E-mail tips and story ideas to tonyo94 AT gmail DOT com or follow us on Twitter. We post behind-the-scenes updates at our Facebook author page. After every new story we send out an alert to our e-mail list and our FB page.

Our book, The Unbreakable Miss Lovely: How the Church of Scientology tried to destroy Paulette Cooper, is on sale at Amazon in paperback and Kindle editions. We’ve posted photographs of Paulette and scenes from her life at a separate location. Reader Sookie put together a complete index. More information about the book, and our 2015 book tour, can also be found at the book’s dedicated page.

Learn about Scientology with our numerous series with experts…

BLOGGING DIANETICS: We read Scientology’s founding text cover to cover with the help of L.A. attorney and former church member Vance Woodward
UP THE BRIDGE: Claire Headley and Bruce Hines train us as Scientologists
GETTING OUR ETHICS IN: Jefferson Hawkins explains Scientology’s system of justice
SCIENTOLOGY MYTHBUSTING: Historian Jon Atack discusses key Scientology concepts

Other links: Shelly Miscavige, ten years gone | The Lisa McPherson story told in real time | The Cathriona White stories | The Leah Remini ‘Knowledge Reports’ | Hear audio of a Scientology excommunication | Scientology’s little day care of horrors | Whatever happened to Steve Fishman? | Felony charges for Scientology’s drug rehab scam | Why Scientology digs bomb-proof vaults in the desert | PZ Myers reads L. Ron Hubbard’s “A History of Man” | Scientology’s Master Spies | Scientology’s Private Dancer | The mystery of the richest Scientologist and his wayward sons | Scientology’s shocking mistreatment of the mentally ill | Scientology boasts about assistance from Google | The Underground Bunker’s Official Theme Song | The Underground Bunker FAQ

Our Guide to Alex Gibney’s film ‘Going Clear,’ and our pages about its principal figures…
Jason Beghe | Tom DeVocht | Sara Goldberg | Paul Haggis | Mark “Marty” Rathbun | Mike Rinder | Spanky Taylor | Hana Whitfield


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  • Douglas D. Douglas

    Even nature provides lots of baby ducks, so a few will survive:

    • Jimmy3

      That’s a ferocious duck. He will be ok.

      • Douglas D. Douglas

        Will live to peep peep peep another day…?

        • Jimmy3

          The hell?

          • Douglas D. Douglas

            LIVE, not “like.”


            Me fingers so tired…

            • Jimmy3

              I don’t think ducks go peep peep peep. But I’m not an expert.

            • Douglas D. Douglas

              BABY ducks go “peep peep peep.”

              Big ducks go “quack quack quack.”

              Dead ducks go “would you like to take a free personality test?”

  • Douglas D. Douglas

    Sez you!:

    • Newiga

      JAW’s a busy guy n Twitter. Poor soul probably answers every tweet that contains #scientology..

      • Frodis73

        Sure seems like it.

        • Replies, hardly answers.

          • Newiga

            You’re absolutely right. Calling people a bigot is not really confronting, addressing or answering anything.

  • Douglas D. Douglas

    Well, here’s a different take:

  • Douglas D. Douglas


  • Douglas D. Douglas

    JAW is losing it:

  • Douglas D. Douglas

    And… that’s all for tonight:

  • Frodis73

    Few things before I try and go to bed…ha.
    1. It’s so great to see the responses on twitter to the sci commercials. Non bunker people too and they know the ugly truth.
    2. Just saw a 10 sec clip of Lady Gaga…guess she did a tribute to Bowie? Anybody see this? Worth tracking down? I’m thinking it was done while I was watching x files.

    • Douglas D. Douglas

      Lady Gaga, as usual, nailed it.

    • aquaclara

      It was excellent, best part of the show.

    • Frodis73

      Thanks guys, I am going to go hunt it down now.

  • Bunker Buggy Betsy

    Scientology sent a new ad about their new religion to the Grammy audience, but John Alex Wood had to play whack-a-wog all night as people snarked about the cult. He either didn’t understand people’s sarcasm, or tried to shame them about their naughty behavior and bigotry. Either way, ole Wiley Coyote misses the mark.

    Best tweet of the night was from Mike Rinder! Spot on!

    Need an John Wood Sheriff Woody shoop!

    • Frodis73

      Rinder for the WIN! JAW is pathetic!!

    • Newiga

      Whack-a-wog.. Hahahaa! My morning coffee is all across the keyboard. Thanks, Betsy.

      Mike Rinder is a riot!

    • Ella Raitch

      John Alex Woody – hilarious! JAW face shooped onto a Woody doll

    • littlefish

      He called me vulgar. I told him to kick rocks. He replied that he didn’t know what that meant. I still need to reply with a “let me google that for you” link.

      • Bunker Buggy Betsy

        Evidently his crazy g/f called me a cow. Moooooo!

        So sad. They’re supposed to be such superior beings, but the most they can muster are lame ad hominems.

        Ps… I really think John uses his g/f’s account to tweet and argue. “She’s” far too knowledgeable and rapid fire for a 2 year public. In real life, she’s a bit mousey.

        In any case, they are delusional or liars or both. So sad watching what Scientology does to people!!!

        • GemmaLouHarris

          In real life? Have you met me? I don’t think so. I’m certainly not mousey Betsy. John never touches my account.

          • Avid Miskaridge

            This is “entheta” what are you doing here #Deadeyes? Are you looking for JAWs bell end shots? Hang on a tic.

            • Bunker Buggy Betsy

              Sad how she’s chasing me to another platform and is obsessed over my opinions — someone she name-calls.

              Scientology destroys people; she’s proof! She demonstrates bizarre OCD behavior. Hope she wakes up. Joining a virulent cult for a man never goes well! Ask Katie Holmes!

              At least she’s in a place where she can see some reality!

            • GemmaLouHarris

              I think it’s sad that you’ve been told many times a fact e.g. I don’t work for OSA and yet continue to say it. I also think it’s sad that you assume you know me without even meeting me. I also think it’s sad that you continue to keep talking about me on multiple platforms. But hey, you obviously need a hobby.

            • Avid Miskaridge

              #Deadeyes your hobby is googling your own name & shilling for JAW/Scientology, that makes you dismally sad. What is sad is that you know you’re not suppose engage SPs. Guess what? You came to the right spot. Hundreds of SPs here, are you not following your own doctrine? Breaking away from doctrine? Don’t seem to be quite so loyal to Scientology now huh? This website is ALL entheta #Deadeyes.

            • GemmaLouHarris

              Firstly, I don’t have to google when it when Betsy repeatedly says my twitter name in her tweets. It comes up in my Hootsuite. 2nd, Betsy isn’t an SP and thirdly, I can communicate with whoever I like.

            • Avid Miskaridge

              OooooOoo. We are all SPs. Don’t be sooo HE&Ry. #deadeyes.

            • GemmaLouHarris

              Betsy isn’t.

            • Avid Miskaridge

              I am not talking about Betsy, I am talking about all the other thousands of readers here in the Bunker. You can bet Tony Ortega is an SP. I am telling you right now, I am an SP. Also warning you about the entheta that you’re viewing right now.

            • GemmaLouHarris

              And I’m talking about Betsy…. see… I even replied to her message.

            • Avid Miskaridge

              You’re super obsessed. Doesn’t look like there is much conversation there #deadeyes.

            • GemmaLouHarris

              She’s super obsessed. Look who starts the conversation every time.

            • Avid Miskaridge

              A convo denotes two people talking back and forth. Opinions posted online about someone are just that, opinions. For instance, I could say Gemma appears to have greasy hair in that video. It would be my opinion and I am not seeking to converse with you.

            • GemmaLouHarris

              And I would say that, for example, I would go away about my business for the day and I guarantee you she would have posted about me at least 5 times by the time I get back. My feed? None. I only respond to her lies about me. They are not opinions. She directs them at me.

            • Avid Miskaridge

              Scientology is failing anyway, you’re going to be left with the outer piece of a very rotten onion. JAW is going to age with dementia, given that he hates psychs your time with him is going to be very trying. He’s already showing signs of being delusional–can’t stop the wave of entheta coming your way.

              I hope you don’t get to see the real Gollum. His precious “Scientology” is quickly hemorrhaging money & losing members all because of David Miscavige right? If you are reading this, this means you still have an ounce of self-determinism and can read the writing on the wall about that man. Miscavige has not appeared in any public broadcast since Brokaw. Ask yourself, does he have the caliber of supposed comm skills? What is he hiding? If you are looking for a way out–that’s a different story altogether. We can help.

            • GemmaLouHarris

              Yeah, that’s doing nothing for me.

  • OK, I think I’ve stumbled upon the perfect new nickname for Tom Cruise {especially after all the tweets about him at the BAFTA’s]… I’set this video to start at the exact spot but just in case it doesn’t work scroll to EXACTLY 2:09

    • seriouslyWTF

      Can you just tell us?

      • don’t expand if you want to keep it a surprise… otherwise scroll down



        “Fat faced COB Gobbler”

        • Betty

          Wow. Great

  • Scream Nevermore

    Looking good, Chuck! 😉 BTW folks, Joy Villa is all over the press, because of her latest plastic ‘dress’, as seen at the Grammies…

    • Baby

      Hey Scream.. haven’t seen you for awhile.. and I am going to run and comfort 4 doggies who are scared of thunder and lightening..xoxo good to see you baby

      • Scream Nevermore

        Awwww, poor babies! xx Arthritis been playing up recently, so have been resting my hands!

        • Baby

          Oh sorry honey.. Ouch.. I have just a hint of it..I can’t imagine full blown aching.. sigh..

          I know.. One shakes terribly.. I hold her as tight as I can under a blanket..the other 3 are calmed being under blanket with me just leaning into them..

      • Newiga

        Give a hug to your doggies for me. One of our dogs was always paralyzed with fear during thunderstorms. Poor lamb.

  • Intergalactic Walrus

    JAW fails again…

    • Newiga

      So, not liking someone’s fashion sense means being prejudiced.. JAW should get some rest.

      • Intergalactic Walrus

        Yeah and he constantly is liking tweets which obviously are not positive toward the CO$. He seems to not be able to recognize that when someone posts a snarky reply about the CO$ and then adds the “face with tongue stuck out while winking” emoji – it ain’t a compliment!

  • Lighthouse

    This is a stupendous find, One Was Stubborn. Oh, wow!

    When I was still-in and heard journalists describing the founder of scn as a science fiction writer, I saw it as a slight and didn’t like it.

    Even those in the media who said this, didn’t know how close they were to the mark and that scientology IS a figment of imagination. I remember L. Con saying that all science fiction was coming from real life experiences on the whole track. He certainly won our imaginations. It’s embarrassing. Lol!

  • Eivol Ekdal

    Tony, I dare you to top yesterday’s article. Go on! I double dare you!

  • I would tell people about Elwrong writing science fiction and Yvonne Jentzsch would get all over me about it. That was persona non grata in my Celebrity Centre staff days. Then $cientologist Lon Tinney worked on “Star Wars” and there were some $cientologists actually painting the light saber “blades” onto the film, and it was a hit, and suddenly it was super-groovy that Ronnie had been a “giant of science-fiction.” A Brilliant Film Company was launched with Randy and Gillian Eaton vowing to make “Revolt in the Stars” bigger than “Star Wars” and Elwrong was back in the bullshit sci-fi business and proud of it. Not that anyone but $cientologists gave a damn.

  • Tony Dunsworth

    I read this and wonder if Hubbard became trapped inside his own mental issues. It’s obvious he’s been trying to work through something in his own thoughts and believed sharing it with the rest of the world would enable him to live the life he dreamed of.

    When I was in my 20’s, I had conceived of a religion of people believing in a deity which did not believe in the universe it created. Frighteningly, I actually had some people who wanted me to flesh it out and make it into something more detailed. I leave that for the FSM crew. They are better at it than I would have ever been.

  • Fink Jonas

    “including pseudoscientific speculation about the human mind. ”
    There you have it he was encouraged to write about it, and he made us believe that it was all scientific and we bought it. Plus all the hodgepodge of hypnotism, occultism, plagiarism, etc etc

  • aegerprimo

    I think it is a good idea to revisit L Ron Hubbard’s affirmations and admissions…

  • Fink Jonas

    “They worshiped the dragon for giving the beast such power, and they worshiped the beast. ˜Is there anyone as great as the beast?’ they exclaimed. ˜Who is able to fight against him?'” (Revelation 13:4, NLT).
    I’m not preaching but I thing this is equally un·can·ny.

  • The Queen of Ice and Flame

    O Most Puissant Proprietor, no download of the story? I was actually going to read this (accompanied by some sangria and the strongest rose soliflore I could find and apply) and I could have sworn there was a link to a .pdf….

  • red_spherical_object

    Go to and download the April, 1928 issue of Amazing Stories. There’s an interesting advertisement in it.

    “Cash in” on Your
    Unrealized Abilities
    Psycho-Analysis Is Remaking Men and Women Into Glorious Successes by Enabling Them to “Find” and “Cash In” on Their Hidden Powers for Their Own Personal Advancement.”

    I’ve a hunch a certain teenage boy found that ad interesting.

  • bethmannchen

    One part of the Critics see his Science Fictions as the source of LRH’s “elaborated Science”, and another part his “Connections” to Aleister Crowley as his only source. Nowhere I ever read, that both aspects in fact are interlaced into Scientology’s weird stuff.

    In a holiday in summer 1945 he was invited to John Whiteside “Jack” Parsons in Pasadena for the first time. Here LRH may have heard of Alistair Crowley, OrdoTempli Orientis, Thelema etc. It was also in this time when LRH, allways broke and trying to borrow money, whenever talking about being hard up he often used to say that he thought the easiest way to make money would be to start a religion. To learn as much as possible for that task, Parsons was a cheap and willing teacher.

    Eventually LRH came to the conclusion, that neither his nearly no pension as veteran, nor his poorly written space operas will ever support a decent living. “Do what thou wilt shall be the whole of the Law” may have sounded more attractive…? However, when he left the Veterans Hospital, he went strait to John Whiteside “Jack” Parsons.

    Crowley at that time was financially broke, severely ill, depending on money donated by followers worldwide, living in a spare room in a friends attic at Hastings (about 35 miles from Saint Hill Manor, later bought by LRH in 1959). Crowley eventually died 1. December 1947, totally forgotten by society, barely a dozen people attending his funeral.

    LRH never met Crowley personally, not even had contact in writing with that old man in England. Parsons only once asked Crowley in a Letter for Permission, to introduce LRH into the tiny-tiny american branch of the Cult (6 to 12 followers maybe) O.T.O. So when LRH sometimes uttered “My dear friend Crowley…”, that was a blunt lie.

    Together with Parsons LRH fiddled a little around with magick, rituals, ceremonies, free love and stuff. After he meant to have learned to get the hang of “enchanting” followers enough to squeeze money out of “true believers” he decided it was time to get on his own legs somehow.

    To get enough cash in hands for a start, he talked Parsons into the deal of starting trading yachts in another city. After depriving him of his live-savings, and his girlfriend LRH took to his heels. He actually bought a yacht as promised, but than set of for the mysterious “Expedition for navigating by radio along shores”. Poor now broke Parsons could not get hold of him or sue him easily and .

    When you look up Thelema in Wikipedia, you will find a vast amount of astounding similarities to Scientology. Where Crowley’s inspiration came from ancient Egypt, LRH placed his “source of wisdom” somewhere in space. Where Crowley uses his language from 19. century, LRH let his stuff sound a little more scientific and up to date. He just blow up Crowley’s “Your Duties” A to D a bit to fit better for space as well and called the stuff the dynamics 1 to 8…

    Here is the “introduction into Crowley’s Ethics”, strait from his Book of Low: “Crime being a direct spiritual violation of the Law of Thelema, it should not be tolerated in the community. Those who possess the instinct should be segregated in a settlement to build up a state of their own, so to learn the necessity of themselves imposing and maintaining rules of justice. All artificial crimes should be abolished. When fantastic restrictions disappear, the greater freedom of the individual will itself teach him to avoid acts, which really restrict natural rights. Thus real crime will diminish automatically.”

    The only one great difference is, that in May 2009 Thelema was recognised by Her Majesty’s Court Service in the United Kingdom as a religion, whereas The UK government has not, and probably will never ever, classify the Church of Scientology as religious.

  • Amanda De

    This might be particularly useful Iif given to current Scientologists, yes?